New PDF release: A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary
By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
This booklet is a whole reference grammar of Qiang, one of many minority languages of southwest China, spoken through approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in Aba Tibetan and Qiang self sufficient Prefecture in northern Sichuan Province. It belongs to the Qiangic department of Tibeto-Burman (one of the 2 significant branches of Sino-Tibetan). The dialect offered within the e-book is the Northern Qiang type spoken in Ronghong Village, Yadu Township, Chibusu District, Mao County. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, is the results of a long time of labor at the language, and is as typologically entire as attainable. It contains not just the reference grammar, but additionally an ethnological assessment, a number of absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional stories), and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), and has either head-marking and established marking morphology. The phonology of Qiang is kind of advanced, with 39 consonants at seven issues of articulation, plus complicated consonant clusters, either in preliminary and ultimate place, in addition to vowel concord, vowel size differences, and a suite of retroflexed vowels. The grammar additionally
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library)
Any trading was also only done by men. In the past the Qiang traded opium, animal skins and medicinal plants in order to get gold, silver, coral, and ivory. These items were often made into jewelry for the women. Nowadays both men and women cook and gather wild plants, and it is common for men to leave the village for long periods of time to go out to work in the flatlands or to sell medicinal herbs, wood, vegetables, animal skins or other items in exchange for money or rice. Although some ancient ceramics have been unearthed in the Qiang areas, in the recent past ceramics were not made by the Qiang.
To become such a shaman takes many years of training with a teacher. The Du—an G—ong also performs the initiation ceremony that young men go through when The people and their culture 15 they are about eighteen years old. This ceremony, called “sitting on top of the mountain” in Qiang, involves the whole family going to the mountain top to sacrifice a sheep or cow and to plant three cypress trees. These shamans also pass on the traditional stories of the Qiang. The stories include the creation story, the history of the Qiang (particular famous battles and heroes), and other cultural knowledge (see the Texts for some of the stories).
Qu|an-t|ou [fisthead] Æfistﬂ, ch—î-t|ou [eat-head] Æthe quality of being good to eatﬂ. The suffix /-p/, as suggested by James A. , 1997), may derive from the common Tibeto-Burman suffix *-pa. 17e), below. 17) a. b. c. d. t˚ip z˙p mutup duåp Æmasterﬂ Æearth, groundﬂ Æskyﬂ Æthighﬂ < t˚i < z˙ < mutu < duå Æhouseﬂ Æground, landﬂ Æskyﬂ Ælegﬂ 46 The noun phrase e. f. g. h. i. j. Ù˙ﬁp m˙ziq-p˙ ji-såq qhåq ˚t˚åq-lu ®uaq ÆHan personﬂ Ætalk in sleepﬂ Æfingerﬂ [hand-section] Æbitterﬂ Æthink of, wantﬂ Ælightﬂ < Ù˙ﬁ < m˙zi < så < qhå < ˚t˚i < ®ue ÆHan personﬂ Æsleepﬂ Æsection, jointﬂ Æbitterﬂ Æheartﬂ Æbrightﬂ There may even be related sets that have the same root but differ in terms of the finals, such as /liaq/ Æpenisﬂ and /lie®/ Æsperm, semenﬂ, though I do not have enough evidence to be sure of this sort of connection.
A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary (Mouton Grammar Library) by Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang