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By N. E. Collinge
* Examines how language works, accounting for its nature, its use, its research and its history
* accomplished indexes of subject matters and Technical phrases, and Names
* conscientiously illustrated to provide an explanation for key issues within the text
`This wealthy repository of data on all features of language is a needs to for all libraries in better schooling, colleges and bigger public libraries.' - Library Review
`Each article has an exceptional bibliography. moreover, there are finished indexes of subject matters and technical phrases and names. hugely advised for all university and common public libraries.' - Choice
`This vital ebook is in lots of methods a state-of-the -art survey of present conceptions of, and methods to, language, with beneficiant references to extra unique assets. each one bankruptcy has an outstanding bibliography.' - Language International
`A accomplished consultant ... with very thorough bibliographies ... Collinge's Encyclopedia is suggested to educational libraries.' - Reference Reviews
`The bibliographies are a useful reduction ... the editor is to be congratulated for having performed an outstanding task ... there are almost no components of language and linguistics that don't get a glance in someplace, and there's stable signposting within the textual content itself.' - Nigel Vincent, occasions better schooling complement
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Additional resources for An Encyclopedia of Language (Routledge Reference)
The exact physical or physiological basis of the syllable is still a matter of uncertainty. Perhaps the most likely theory is that the syllable arises from the alternating opening and closing of the vocal tract during speech, resulting in an alternation of vowel-like and consonant-like articulations. The consonantal articulations, especially plosives, are often signalled phonetically as modifications to the vowel-like ones, and this results in the typical structure of the syllable—consonants grouped around a vowel.
Again a Yorkshire speaker’s know might be almost identical with the RP gnaw. A further complication arises from the observation that, across varieties, the systems themselves may differ from one another as well as the pronunciations of the vowels within the system. Thus many Northern English speakers have a system of five short vowels instead of the six in RP and other varieties: the vowels of put (RP [pʊt]) and putt (RP [pʌt]) are not distinguished (both pronounced by some Northerners as [pʊt] and by others as [pət]).
Increasingly remote from the pronunciation of some of those occurring forms. Thus Chomsky and Halle (1968:201), for reasons they discuss fully in the pages preceding, assigned the word satisfaction (pronounced [sætɪs′fækʃən]) the underlying form /sæṱ t+is+fik+æṱ t+iVn/, ’where‘’ represents a tense (long) vowel and V a vowel of unspecified quality. In this situation, the phonologist has to face the question: how does a hearer recognise that he or she has to deal with the systematic phonemic form /…fik+æṱ t+iVn/ when a speaker produces an utterance of the systematic phonetic form [… fækʃən]?
An Encyclopedia of Language (Routledge Reference) by N. E. Collinge