An introduction to Dena'ina grammer: The Kenai dialect - download pdf or read online

By Alan Boraas.

In response to reference fabric via: James Kari, Ph.D., Peter Kalifornsky, and Joan Tenenbaum, Ph.D.

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An introduction to Dena'ina grammer: The Kenai dialect by Alan Boraas. PDF

In line with reference fabric by way of: James Kari, Ph. D. , Peter Kalifornsky, and Joan Tenenbaum, Ph. D.

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For example ki k'ushta means “no more” or “never again” the first definition can be thought of as an adverb of quantity and the second definition an adverb of time. If you don’t find what you are looking for in one section, try another section. Adverbs of Time Temporal adverbs convey information about when the action or intent of the verb occurred. Table 7. Adverbs of Time Adverb Meaning ch’iteshnich midnight Example ch’iteshnich shegh niyu nunigi ch'qeyan Meaning he came to me at midnight always fog elugh yeshegh he has not yet hooked it I won’t see him for a long time ch'qeyan always da’a dahdi (yedahdi, yedaqdi) deghu elugh never then at that time elughesht’a late, for a long time a long time the first time, for the first time suddenly, abruptly all year long while, meanwhile in the future elughasht’a eztghesh’igh before, in the past, long ago htsast’a qut’ana dnighelt’a htsat q’u nu’iju he came a while ago hełch' husht'a darkness in a moment ełdu hdi gheli hentq’u heyi daghisedi hnu htsahda, htsatda, qtsahda htsast'a, ts’itsat htsat htse huqedlan husht'a, husht’an husht’ada when not yet a while ago previously slowly in a moment later on hdi gheli hentq’u yedghichet the first time, for the first time he let it go suddenly long ago there were lots of people Page 41 Adverbs, Independent hut’u jan gu, q’udi jan qech’ jan yach’ janiq’, janiq’e janq'u janteh ki, kiq’u ki k'usht'a ki’it ch’u ki kih kitsa k'eldinteh k’eldinteh hyanq’u k'ghulugh la’a lugh łqenzi, hlenzi nanutset nazah niłghena niłghena q’u niłhghena niłk’enteh niłnunu niłt’en teh, niłteh nuytelqushch'u q’edyeh q’u qendu (archaic) qezahda qghenu previously today sometime today, during the day sometime today all day nothing has changed, still daytime, during the day again never again now and then later on, in the future next sometimes jan qech’ gheshtnu I worked all day janiq’e gheshtnuh ełkun janq'u I worked all day hzila ki qil gheli ki k'usht'a morning mist again really terrible never again gini łuq’a kih niłtu nen kitsa yuq' hdaznet k'eldinteh it's still raining this fish is for later you next colorful sunrise sometimes only occasionally the end of a span of time, eternity constantly long time unconscious before our time, our history in the future one after another, constantly one right after the other at regular intervals repeatedly, at regular intervals, in rapid succession rarely taking turns sometimes, occasionally every day a little while ago in the past in the future after, when, the other side of k'ghulugh usdet tsadi let it be without end elugh tusyul hlenzi cheł’an Dena'ina nanutset he won’t go yet I’m getting dizzy Dena'ina history niłghena sht’a qenash he talks repeatedly qezahda yaghali gheli qitulał iłyuts qeghnu It will be really good in the future when it started to snow Page 42 Adverbs, Independent quhlanh, quqlanh q’esdu (archaic) q'u q’u idak’i q’u ki tsa q'udi q'udi gu q’udihdi q’udi jani q’udishla q’ushich’a q’ushla, q’ushlaq’u suk gheli slowly day before yesterday just now, now, stop, yet, enough, soon that’s ok, all right (answer to “let’s go” once again, one more time now right now just now (previously) today just about, right then (lit.

If you don’t find what you are looking for in one section, try another section. Adverbs of Time Temporal adverbs convey information about when the action or intent of the verb occurred. Table 7. Adverbs of Time Adverb Meaning ch’iteshnich midnight Example ch’iteshnich shegh niyu nunigi ch'qeyan Meaning he came to me at midnight always fog elugh yeshegh he has not yet hooked it I won’t see him for a long time ch'qeyan always da’a dahdi (yedahdi, yedaqdi) deghu elugh never then at that time elughesht’a late, for a long time a long time the first time, for the first time suddenly, abruptly all year long while, meanwhile in the future elughasht’a eztghesh’igh before, in the past, long ago htsast’a qut’ana dnighelt’a htsat q’u nu’iju he came a while ago hełch' husht'a darkness in a moment ełdu hdi gheli hentq’u heyi daghisedi hnu htsahda, htsatda, qtsahda htsast'a, ts’itsat htsat htse huqedlan husht'a, husht’an husht’ada when not yet a while ago previously slowly in a moment later on hdi gheli hentq’u yedghichet the first time, for the first time he let it go suddenly long ago there were lots of people Page 41 Adverbs, Independent hut’u jan gu, q’udi jan qech’ jan yach’ janiq’, janiq’e janq'u janteh ki, kiq’u ki k'usht'a ki’it ch’u ki kih kitsa k'eldinteh k’eldinteh hyanq’u k'ghulugh la’a lugh łqenzi, hlenzi nanutset nazah niłghena niłghena q’u niłhghena niłk’enteh niłnunu niłt’en teh, niłteh nuytelqushch'u q’edyeh q’u qendu (archaic) qezahda qghenu previously today sometime today, during the day sometime today all day nothing has changed, still daytime, during the day again never again now and then later on, in the future next sometimes jan qech’ gheshtnu I worked all day janiq’e gheshtnuh ełkun janq'u I worked all day hzila ki qil gheli ki k'usht'a morning mist again really terrible never again gini łuq’a kih niłtu nen kitsa yuq' hdaznet k'eldinteh it's still raining this fish is for later you next colorful sunrise sometimes only occasionally the end of a span of time, eternity constantly long time unconscious before our time, our history in the future one after another, constantly one right after the other at regular intervals repeatedly, at regular intervals, in rapid succession rarely taking turns sometimes, occasionally every day a little while ago in the past in the future after, when, the other side of k'ghulugh usdet tsadi let it be without end elugh tusyul hlenzi cheł’an Dena'ina nanutset he won’t go yet I’m getting dizzy Dena'ina history niłghena sht’a qenash he talks repeatedly qezahda yaghali gheli qitulał iłyuts qeghnu It will be really good in the future when it started to snow Page 42 Adverbs, Independent quhlanh, quqlanh q’esdu (archaic) q'u q’u idak’i q’u ki tsa q'udi q'udi gu q’udihdi q’udi jani q’udishla q’ushich’a q’ushla, q’ushlaq’u suk gheli slowly day before yesterday just now, now, stop, yet, enough, soon that’s ok, all right (answer to “let’s go” once again, one more time now right now just now (previously) today just about, right then (lit.

Page 56 Verb Themes General Concepts of the Verb: Verbs are structured around three elements: What is happening—the meaning of the verb theme When and how the meaning of the verb theme is happening as defined by morphemes indicating mode (or tense) and aspect The theme, mode, and aspect information interact and are not lineal— one doesn’t lead to the other. Readers will need to refer back and forth among the following sections to understand the concepts of theme, mode and aspect. Verb Theme and Roots Verb Themes are derived from roots, a concept introduced in an earlier section.

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An introduction to Dena'ina grammer: The Kenai dialect by Alan Boraas.


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