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By Julian E. Andrews, Peter Brimblecombe, Tim D. Jickells, Peter S. Liss, Brian Reid
This introductory textual content explains the basics of the chemistry of the typical atmosphere and the results of mankind's actions at the earth's chemical structures. keeps an emphasis on describing how ordinary geochemical approaches function over various scales in time and house, and the way the results of human perturbation may be measured. subject matters variety from standard worldwide matters corresponding to atmospheric pollutants and its impact on worldwide warming and ozone destruction, to microbiological techniques that reason pollutants of consuming water deltas. includes sections and data bins that specify the elemental chemistry underpinning the topic coated. each one bankruptcy features a record of extra studying at the topic quarter. up-to-date case stories. No past chemistry wisdom required. appropriate for introductory point classes.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry
Learning material for a speciﬁc application is much easier than wading through pages of what can seem rather dull or irrelevant facts. Consequently much of the basic chemistry is distributed throughout the book in boxes, sited where the concept is ﬁrst needed to understand a term or process. Some of the basic chemistry is, however, so fundamental — underpinning most sections of the book — that we describe it here in a dedicated chapter. We have laid out enough information for students with little or no chemistry background to get a foothold into the subject.
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 157pp. Lovelock, J. (1988) The Ages of Gaia. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 252pp. 1 About this chapter Undergraduate students studying environmental science come from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. Some have quite advanced chemical knowledge, while others have almost none. Whatever your background, we want you to understand some of the chemical details encountered in environmental issues and problems. To do this you will need some basic understanding of fundamental chemistry.
5 billion years old. In rocks of this age there is fossil evidence of quite advanced metabolisms which utilized solar energy to synthesize organic material. The very earliest of autotrophic (self-feeding) reactions were probably based on sulphur (S), supplied from volcanic vents. CO 2(g ) + 2H 2S(g ) Æ CH 2O (s ) + 2S(s ) + H 2O ( l ) (organic matter) eqn. 5 billion years ago photochemical splitting of water, or photosynthesis was happening. H 2O ( l) + CO 2( g ) Æ CH 2O ( s) + O 2( g ) eqn. ) The production of oxygen during photosynthesis had a profound effect.
An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry by Julian E. Andrews, Peter Brimblecombe, Tim D. Jickells, Peter S. Liss, Brian Reid