Read e-book online Appeal to Pity: Argumentum Ad Misericordiam PDF

By Douglas N. Walton

ISBN-10: 0585062196

ISBN-13: 9780585062198

ISBN-10: 0791434613

ISBN-13: 9780791434611

ISBN-10: 0791434621

ISBN-13: 9780791434628

Attract pity has usually been exploited with outstanding luck as a misleading tactic of argumentation, quite a bit in order that it has often been taken care of as a fallacy. utilizing a case research strategy, the writer examines examples of appeals to pity and compassion in actual arguments with the intention to classify, research, and review the categories of arguments utilized in those appeals. one of the circumstances studied are the arguable use of "poster teenagers" within the Jerry Lewis Telethon for Muscular Dystrophy and the "baby incubators tale" deployed through a public family company to steer the choice to ship U.S. forces into Kuwait through the Gulf struggle. as well as the analyses of those and different case experiences, this booklet offers, for the 1st time, detailed guidance and worthy standards with which to spot, learn, and review cases of the advert misericordiam argument.

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Extra info for Appeal to Pity: Argumentum Ad Misericordiam

Example text

185) does mention the argumentum ad misericordiam by name, but classifies it as a special case of the argumentum ad populum (pp. 185-86): The argumentum ad populum is an argument addressed to the feelings, passions, and prejudices of people rather than an unbiased discussion addressed to the intellect. The use of question-begging epithets frequently accompanies this fallacy. The argumentum ad misericordiam seems to be only a special case of this fallacy, when an appeal is made to the pity or sympathy which people may be made to feel for a person accused of crime.

14:If I don't pass this course, I won't be able to graduate in the Spring, and I don't have enough money to go to summer school. Really, Professor Ruston, you just have to give me a C. " Like the last three cases, the appeal is pretty weak, and it would not be too difficult to get students in a logic class to accept the classification of these cases as fallacious appeals to pity. < previous page page_18 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_19 next page > Page 19 A subtlety of the student's plea type of case is that the appeal to pathetic circumstances may be relevant to the argument.

Blyth (p. 38) articulates the generality of the institutional situation very well, commenting that penalties for violation of a rule or law, by their nature, have bad consequences for < previous page page_16 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_17 next page > Page 17 the offender. Thus citing these bad consequences after having violated the rule is irrelevant, if the claim is that the rule was not really violated. This is just not the right sort of evidence to back up the claim.

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Appeal to Pity: Argumentum Ad Misericordiam by Douglas N. Walton


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