Archaeological Approaches to Technology - download pdf or read online
By Heather Margaret-Louise Miller
Designed for upper-division undergraduate and graduate point archaeology scholars taking classes in historic applied sciences, archaeological craft construction, fabric tradition, the background of expertise, archaeometry, and box equipment. this article may also function a basic advent and a reference for archaeologists, fabric tradition experts in socio-cultural disciplines, and engineers/scientists attracted to the backgrounds and histories in their disciplines.
The learn of historical technologies-that is, the ways that items and fabrics have been made and used-can display insights into fiscal, social, political, and formality geographical regions of the prior. This e-book summarizes the present country of old expertise stories by way of emphasizing methodologies, a few significant applied sciences, and the questions and concerns that force archaeologists of their attention of those applied sciences. It exhibits the ways in which know-how stories can be utilized by means of archaeologists operating wherever, on any kind of society and it embraces an orientation towards the sensible, no longer the philosophical.
* Compares the variety of pre-industrial applied sciences, from stone software construction, fiber crafts, wooden and bone operating, fired clay crafts, steel creation, and glass manufacture
* comprises socially contextualized case reports, in addition to normal descriptions of technological processes
* Discusses crucial terminology (technology, fabric tradition, chaîne opératoire, etc.), basically from the point of view of ways those phrases are utilized by archaeologists
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Additional info for Archaeological Approaches to Technology
Whatever the method of ordering, the resulting structures or systematics (Banning 2000) form the basis for pattern recognition studies used to make or test suggestions about the past. The nature of these classifications has generated tremendous debate in archaeology. -L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology statistical issues of representativeness (Banning 2002). This concern with sample representativeness extends to all aspects of archaeology, especially but not exclusively when using statistical methods of analysis (Banning 2000; Carr 1985; Drennan 1996; Shennan 1997; see Sharer and Ashmore 2003 for an introductory overview).
This integrative role of technology studies in archaeology makes it difficult to disentangle and label separate traditions or schools of research. ) Many of the studies discussed in this book draw on multiple traditions of thought and method, even for the basic reconstruction of production sequences. These include such apparently disparate traditions as the chaîne opératoire approach (Inizan, et al. 1992), the history of technology and engineering design (Kingery 1993, 2001), operations process management (Bleed 1991), and the use of practice theory (Dobres and Hoffman 1995).
While my examples in this book refer to time periods from the Paleolithic to the present, I have not implied any sort of evolutionary development. A discussion of the evidence for and against a general increase in technological complexity around the world through time would be a book in itself. Rather, my aim is to show specialists in other fields, such as the history of technology, communication, women’s studies, studio art, and sociocultural anthropology, that archaeologists have created a variety of examples well worth their time to investigate.
Archaeological Approaches to Technology by Heather Margaret-Louise Miller