Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean: - download pdf or read online
By Anthony Bonanno
The papers during this quantity derive from the 1st foreign convention on Archaeology of the traditional Mediterranean (Malta, 1985). the sphere continues to be divided among the view aiding the life of a common trust in an all-pervading and all-embracing mom Goddess – of which the fertility cult is only one, albeit very important, point – and the view wondering the very bases of that concept. This convention confirmed that there seems a better disposition for extra discussion. The fertility content material in close to japanese and Classical religions is still undeniable. The convention proved to be additionally, no longer unintentionally, of designated importance to Maltese archaeology. the amount is split into 4 sections: part I. Prehistory; part II. Prehistory, Malta; part III. Phoenician and close to jap Religions; part IV. The Greco-Roman international.
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Additional info for Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean: First International Conference on Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean. University of Malta, 2-5 September 1985
James' s The Cult of the Mother Goddess (1959 ) but take James's careful recor d o f th e vas t geographica l dispersio n o f fertilit y cul t figurines an d artefacts as a good guide to part of what I am calling the data. Th e diffusio n o f th e fertilit y cul t artefact s too k plac e on a vast geographical an d historica l scale . C. James thinks that with the rise of agriculture and domestication of animals the figure o f the goddess was refined an d sharpened: from unmarried mothe r — personifying divin e principle i n maternity — to association wit h th e youn g go d a s so n o r consort.
The shrines were evidently the scene of a fertility cult, the main aim of the religion being the procreation of life, and the ensurance o f it s continuit y an d abundanc e bot h i n thi s lif e an d th e next. " Lik e th e Paleolithi c cav e sanctuaries , animal s representin g masculine force s ar e o n differen t wall s fro m thos e representin g feminine forces , bu t the y for m a complementary whole . Similar religiou s theme s occu r i n th e Neolithi c farmin g communities of China in terms of the all-pervasive concepts of yin and yang, and in many other parts of the world.
Th e politica l leader s woul d se e advantage s i n institutionalising fertilit y practices . In either th e under-populatio n o r over-populatio n cas e th e mai n sentence coul d b e tru e fo r th e reason s give n above . Th e rulin g elite s may also make explicit ideologica l use of a setof falsebeliefs to furthe r social ends. This can be a rational activity. For example those religions which mak e abortion tabo o an d ar e closely linke d t o stat e power can maximize birthings for reasons of their own even in times of gross overpopulation.
Archaeology and Fertility Cult in the Ancient Mediterranean: First International Conference on Archaeology of the Ancient Mediterranean. University of Malta, 2-5 September 1985 by Anthony Bonanno