Autonomy and trust in bioethics by Onora O'Neill PDF

By Onora O'Neill

ISBN-10: 0521815401

ISBN-13: 9780521815406

Onora O'Neill means that the conceptions of person autonomy (so commonly depended on in bioethics) are philosophically and ethically insufficient; they undermine instead of help relationships in line with belief. Her arguments are illustrated with matters raised by means of such practices because the use of genetic info by way of the police, learn utilizing human tissues, new reproductive applied sciences, and media practices for reporting on medication, technology and know-how. The examine appeals to a variety of readers in ethics, bioethics and comparable disciplines.

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Is parental consent sufficient to allow blood tests, or genetic tests, or ‘donating’ bone marrow for the benefit of a brother or sister? Could parental consent suffice for the ‘donation’ of a kidney?  Equally difficult questions arise for many adults. Under what conditions may adults be treated in defiance of their currently expressed wishes (for example, during mental disturbance) or at variance with their previously expressed wishes (for example, those expressed in ‘living wills’ or prior declarations)?

Mary Warnock, Fontana, .  Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics and the most imitated attempt to place an account of individual autonomy within a naturalistic setting. Contemporary admiration for individual or personal autonomy still owes, I believe, far more to Mill than to Kant: although many of its admirers crave and claim Kantian credentials, they mostly seek an account of individual autonomy that fits within a naturalistic account of human action. Naturalists view human action as caused by natural states and events, in particular by desires and beliefs.

There are a lot of writers – they include many feminists, virtue ethicists and communitarians – who doubt whether autonomy is always of value. There are others, including various determinists, behaviourists and structuralists, who think that it is an illusion.  However, Dworkin’s list provides a very valuable starting point for thinking about autonomy in bioethics,    and Thomas E. ’ Faden and Beauchamp, The History and Theory of Informed Consent, . Dworkin, The Theory and Practice of Autonomy, .

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Autonomy and trust in bioethics by Onora O'Neill

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