Download PDF by Jose? Ignacio Hualde: Basque Phonology (Interface Series)
By Jose? Ignacio Hualde
This e-book is the 1st entire remedy of the phonological procedure of Basque on hand in English. Basque is a morphologically wealthy and reasonably usual language with a couple of energetic phonological principles which are constrained to yes morphological environments. moreover, it has a excessive measure of dialectical fragmentation. those features of Basque make this language an exceptional try floor to enquire the interplay of phonological ideas either with one another and with morphological methods, which the writer does in the Lexical Phonology framework. the consequences of rule interplay on characteristic geometry are an enormous hindrance - how phonological operations alter underlying buildings and the way the constructions created by way of one phonological rule can function enter to different principles. those results are tested in a learn of the relatively strange behaviour of Basque affricates. one other quarter which calls for specific realization, and within which Basque dialects vary commonly, is prosody. in addition to stress-accent structures of alternative varieties, Basque additionally possesses pitch-accent or constrained tonal platforms in a few of its western dialects. This ebook will be of curiosity to complicated scholars and academics of linguistics, specially Romance linguistics and lexical phonology.
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Additional info for Basque Phonology (Interface Series)
Ejp dzoen] 'they made it, alloc masc'. This affrication can also be seen in the local pronunciations of the name of the town of Ajangiz, which is pronounced as [azal)gis] in the town of this name, but as [andzevis] in Arratzu, with metathesis of the nasal and a following affricate instead of a fricative . 2 Low Vowel Assimilation Like the other dialects studied in this chapter, the dialect of Gernika possesses a rule of Low Vowel Assimilation. The formulation of the rule in Gernika is as simple as in Baztan, without any of the additional contextual requirements that it has in dialects such as Arbizu or Ondarroa.
Mid Vowel Raising must precede Vowel Deletion to get a chance to apply, since its trigger is eliminated by Vowel Deletion. To obtain [etsi] from /etse-a/ we must go through intermediate [etsia]. 2 Domain of application of Low Vowel Assimilation in Ondarroa In the dialect of Ondarroa, the morphologic al conditions for the application of the rule of Low Vowel Assimilation are much more restrictive than in Baztan . As for additional phonologica l conditions, 29 they are, in a sense, the opposite of those needed in Arbizu.
However, some facts regarding the behaviour of locative suffixes to be discussed immediately suggest that the order of these phonological rules is the opposite: Palatalization applies before Low Vowel Assimilation. The examples in (48) show that Palatalization operates both morpheme-internally and across suffix boundaries. Derivational suffixes are 47 however systematically excluded from Palatalization. nditasun] 'farmer' ' Biscayan' 'clarity' 'greatness' Given our bi-stratal conception of the morphophonology of the language, the failure of Palatalization to apply to /-tar/ and /-tasun/ would indicate that these are Stratum II suffixes and that Palatalization, like Low Vowel Assimilation, is restricted to Stratum I morphology.
Basque Phonology (Interface Series) by Jose? Ignacio Hualde