Olof Hallonsten's Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization PDF

By Olof Hallonsten

ISBN-10: 3319327372

ISBN-13: 9783319327372

ISBN-10: 3319327380

ISBN-13: 9783319327389

This booklet analyses the emergence of a reworked tremendous technology in Europe and the us, utilizing either ancient and sociological views. It exhibits how technology-intensive normal sciences grew to a famous place in Western societies throughout the post-World battle II period, and the way their improvement cohered with either technological and social advancements. on the helm of post-war technological know-how are large-scale initiatives, basically in physics, which obtain immense money from the general public purse. 

Big technological know-how Transformed indicates how those initiatives, popularly known as 'Big Science', became symbols of development. It analyses adjustments to the political and sociological frameworks surrounding publicly-funding technology, and their impression on a few new accelerator and reactor-based amenities that experience come to prominence in fabrics technology and the existence sciences. Interdisciplinary in scope, this booklet should be of serious curiosity to historians, sociologists and philosophers of science.

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Extra info for Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States

Sample text

The alternative course, as Münch (2002: 9–11) has devised, is to make the best possible judgment of the suitability of a particular theoretical (and methodological) approach to a particular purpose and topic of study, and use a variety of different theoretical tools in an attempt to account for as many variations of social reality as possible. In this book, therefore, theory is most of all used as a toolbox. The choice of tools from this box has been made in the spirit of open-mindedness and pragmatism, in order to find theories and conceptual angles that can help make sense of various aspects of the transformation of Big Science.

Problems change, solutions remain” above). This is an instance where the respective institutional logics of politics and science seem to meet to create an outcome that is favorable for both. Among the more popular theoretical models describing and conceptualizing the relation between political decision-making and outcomes is the “principal-agent model” (Pratt and Zeckhauser 1985; Miller 1993), which has fruitfully been applied to science policy and the study of the roles of governmental agencies as intermediaries in making sure that governmental ambitions regarding the public R&D system are fulfilled (Braun 1993; Guston 1996; van der Meulen 1998; Braun and Guston 2003).

6). Method and the Structure of the Book Large parts of this book consist of either syntheses of previously published work, adapted and supplemented by analyses from partly new angles (mostly Chaps. 3, 4 and 5), or syntheses and analyses of work by other authors, that taken together, shed new light on some known phenomena (mostly Chaps. 2, 4 and 6). Methodologically, therefore, the book uses a combination of primary and secondary material, and should be read as combining the elements of three types of academic publications: First, a compilation of previously published articles; second, an extended review and synthesis of secondary sources; and third, a standalone monograph with a thesis of its own.

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Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States by Olof Hallonsten


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