Olof Hallonsten's Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization PDF
By Olof Hallonsten
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Extra info for Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States
The alternative course, as Münch (2002: 9–11) has devised, is to make the best possible judgment of the suitability of a particular theoretical (and methodological) approach to a particular purpose and topic of study, and use a variety of different theoretical tools in an attempt to account for as many variations of social reality as possible. In this book, therefore, theory is most of all used as a toolbox. The choice of tools from this box has been made in the spirit of open-mindedness and pragmatism, in order to find theories and conceptual angles that can help make sense of various aspects of the transformation of Big Science.
Problems change, solutions remain” above). This is an instance where the respective institutional logics of politics and science seem to meet to create an outcome that is favorable for both. Among the more popular theoretical models describing and conceptualizing the relation between political decision-making and outcomes is the “principal-agent model” (Pratt and Zeckhauser 1985; Miller 1993), which has fruitfully been applied to science policy and the study of the roles of governmental agencies as intermediaries in making sure that governmental ambitions regarding the public R&D system are fulfilled (Braun 1993; Guston 1996; van der Meulen 1998; Braun and Guston 2003).
6). Method and the Structure of the Book Large parts of this book consist of either syntheses of previously published work, adapted and supplemented by analyses from partly new angles (mostly Chaps. 3, 4 and 5), or syntheses and analyses of work by other authors, that taken together, shed new light on some known phenomena (mostly Chaps. 2, 4 and 6). Methodologically, therefore, the book uses a combination of primary and secondary material, and should be read as combining the elements of three types of academic publications: First, a compilation of previously published articles; second, an extended review and synthesis of secondary sources; and third, a standalone monograph with a thesis of its own.
Big Science Transformed : Science, Politics and Organization in Europe and the United States by Olof Hallonsten