New PDF release: Bioethics for Scientists
By John A. Bryant, Linda Baggott la Velle, John F. Searle
Еще одна книга по проблеме этики в биологических и медицинских исследованиях. Одно из лучших руководств в своей области. Жаль, что на английском - книг такого же научного уровня по биоэтике в России нет.
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Additional resources for Bioethics for Scientists
For further discussions of this the reader is referred to the work of Barnes (1985) and Ziman (1968) and particularly to the seminal analysis of academic science by Robert Merton (1973). The existence of this internal ethical order has important implications as far as external audiences are concerned. A consensus of expertise is presented. The entire collective, and its inheritance of knowledge and competence, is seen to lie behind speciﬁc expert pronouncements. Every individual member is able to speak at least to some extent as the authoritative representative of the collective.
Experts may seek to remain, or to appear, independent of any and all such biases if they wish, but this is no longer essential. Indeed, experts may make themselves available for hire, by interested parties free to select that one from a range of opinions that they best like the sound of; for the superior reliability and disinterest of expert judgement is no longer presumed in market mode, and lay judgement has institutional precedence over it. Consider how, in a criminal trial, the conﬂicting ‘expert’ submissions of defence and prosecution are heard by a ‘lay’ jury, and the jury’s judgement, not the experts’ judgements, of the relevant matters of fact is authoritative.
1985) A Question of Life: the Warnock Report on Human Fertilisation and Embryology. Blackwell, Oxford, UK. Wildavsky, A. (1995) But is it True? Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA. Wilkie, T. (1993) Perilous Knowledge. Faber, London, UK. Ziman, J. (1968) Public Knowledge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 1 INTRODUCTION What value does the non-human world have? There are straightforward commercial answers in respect of farmland, planted forests, and ﬁshing-streams, but the answers are much more complex in respect of public parks, uncultivated land, waterways, and indeed the air itself.
Bioethics for Scientists by John A. Bryant, Linda Baggott la Velle, John F. Searle