Get Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body PDF
By Stephen Wilkinson
Bodies on the market: Ethics and Exploitation within the Human physique exchange explores the philosophical and functional concerns raised via actions equivalent to surrogacy and organ trafficking. Stephen Wilkinson asks what's it that makes a few advertisement makes use of of the physique arguable, no matter if the arguments opposed to advertisement exploitation get up, and no matter if laws outlawing such practices is absolutely justified.
In half One Wilkinson explains and analyses many of the notoriously slippery ideas utilized in the physique commodification debate, together with exploitation, damage and consent. partly he makes a speciality of 3 arguable concerns (the trading of human kidneys, advertisement surrogacy, and DNA patenting) outlining modern rules and investigating either the ethical concerns and the arguments for felony prohibition.
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Additional resources for Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade
15 This theory sees human happiness as the one and only intrinsic (non-instrumental) good. However, it also see happiness as a fungible good. For classical utilitarians don’t (from a moral point of view) care who is happy, or which particular ‘bits of happiness’ exist, so long as overall happiness is maximised. People often attack utilitarianism on precisely this point, arguing that it wrongly obliges us to ‘trade off’ (in a thoroughly impersonal, ‘agent-neutral’ way) the welfare of one person against others, or even against the welfare of possible people.
For our ‘folk’ use of the word ‘benefit’ might involve a mistake or an inconsistency, or be otherwise conceptually sub-optimal. But there should at least be a presumption in favour of ordinary usage, one which can be overturned only by substantive argument. The second reason, one internal to our interest in producing an account of exploitation, is that if we take benefit to include fulfilment of any of ‘one’s aims, purposes, or desires’, then the benefit condition doesn’t really add anything to the idea that exploitation is use.
Each of us can sometimes exploit some of our own attributes – a runner her stamina, a boxer his reach, etc. 42 This section aims to address two questions. The first is simply: what exactly is use? More specifically, what exactly is the kind of use involved in exploitation? The second relates to the distinction drawn by Goodin 21 CONCEPTS above: how does exploiting or using a person relate to exploiting or using a person’s attributes? It won’t be possible to answer completely such questions here.
Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade by Stephen Wilkinson