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By Walter Glannon
This booklet is a dialogue of the main well timed and contentious matters within the branches of neuroethics: the neuroscience of ethics; and the ethics of neuroscience. Drawing upon fresh paintings in psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery, it develops a phenomenologically encouraged thought of neuroscience to provide an explanation for the brain-mind relation. the concept that the brain is formed not only by way of the mind but in addition by way of the physique and the way the human topic interacts with the surroundings has major implications at no cost will, ethical accountability, and ethical justification of activities. It additionally presents a greater realizing of the way varied interventions within the mind can profit or damage us. additionally, the booklet discusses mind imaging ideas to diagnose altered states of recognition, deep-brain stimulation to regard neuropsychiatric problems, and restorative neurosurgery for neurodegenerative illnesses. It examines the scientific and moral trade-offs of those interventions within the mind after they produce either confident and unfavorable actual and mental results, and the way those trade-offs form judgements by means of physicians and sufferers approximately no matter if to supply and suffer them.
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Additional info for Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face
This may be achieved in part by removing or altering the stimuli causing or exacerbating the brain dysregulation underlying these disorders. Cognitivebehavioral therapy (CBT) helps individuals to reframe their beliefs so that the content of these beliefs aligns with the states of affairs to which they are directed. This and other forms of psychotherapy can correct one’s misinterpretation of external stimuli. CBT can help to block or attenuate the force of stimuli prompting a conditioned response involving an unconscious memory that can generate conscious fear or anxiety that is out of proportion to the issues at hand.
Yet biological psychiatry may be a mixed blessing. By focusing on the brain rather than the person, it may lose sight of the fact that we are agents whose minds are shaped by interaction with our natural and social surroundings. Although some studies show general similarities in psychiatric symptoms across cultures, they ignore how different cultures can influence how individuals experience diseases of the mind. A neuroreductionist model that explains disorders of the mind entirely in terms of brain mechanisms strips persons of their autonomy and agency.
See S. A. Bunge and J. D. , Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008). The subcortical cerebellum and striatum regulate procedural memory. Damage to these regions could make one lose this type of memory and the capacity to follow certain rules. Behavioral evidence is necessary to know that one can or cannot follow rules involving procedural memory. We also need to know why one retains or loses this capacity. Failure to know how to perform a motor activity likely has an organic cause requiring a neurobiological explanation.
Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face by Walter Glannon